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Lean Machines Sixteen Case
Studies On Lean
Manufacturing
From Manufacturing &
Technology News

Acronym Soup -- Part Two

M - Z

MADE: Manufacturing Automation and Design Exploration (program)
MAI: Multilateral Agreement on Investment
MAST: Manufacturing Analyst for Science and Technology
MC: Mass Customization
MCC: Microelectronics and Computer Technology Corp.
MCIC: Multilayer Ceramic Integrated Circuit
MCM: Multi-Chip Module
MCP: Multi Chip Package
MCS: Manufacturing Control System
MCS: Multiple Constraint Synchronization
MEMS: Microelectromechanical Systems
MEO: Middle Earth Orbit
MEP: Manufacturing Extension Partnership
MES: Manufacturing Execution System
MESA: Manufacturing Execution System Association
MHPA: Mental Health Parity Act
MHz: Megahertz or millions of cycles per second
MIME: Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions
MIS: Management Information System
MITI: Ministry of International Trade and Industry
MLC: Multi Layer Ceramic
MLL: Multi Layer Laminate
MMF: Multi Mode Fiber
MMI: Man Machine Interface
MMIC: Monolithic Microwave Integrated Circuit
MMS: Materials Management System
MOS: Metal Oxide Semiconductor
MOU: Memorandum of Understanding
MPS: Master Production Schedule
MR: Magneto Resistance
MRA: Mutual Recognition Agreement
MRP: Manufacturing Resource Planning
MRP: Materials Requirement Planning
M&S: Modeling and Simulation
MSDS: Material Safety Data Sheet
MSI: Medium Scale Integration
MTBA: Mean Time Between Assists
MTBE: Methyl Tertiary-Butyl Ether
MTBF: Mean Time Between Failure
MTBI: Mean Time Between Interruption
MTO: Make To Order
MTS: Make To Stock
MTTR: Mean Time To Restore
MSC: MacNeil-Schwendler Corp.
Muda: "Waste" in Japanese
MVP: Modular Variable Pricing

NAAQS: National Ambient Air Quality Standards
NAFTA: North American Free Trade Agreement
NAM: National Association of Manufacturers
NAPM: National Association of Purchasing Management
NAS: National Academy of Sciences
NASA: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NEBS: New Equipment Building Standards
NC: Numerical Control
NCMA: National Contract Management Association
NCMS: National Center for Manufacturing Sciences
NDI: Non Development Item
NEMI: National Electronics Manufacturing Initiative
NGO: Non-Governmental Organization
NHTSA: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
NIFM: National Institute for Flexible Manufacturing
NIH: National Institutes of Health
NIIIP: National Industrial Information Infrastructure Protocol
NIS: Newly Independent States
NIST: National Institute of Standards and Technology
NMTA: National Machining and Tooling Association
NO: Nitrogen Oxide
NOAA: National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration
NPI: New Product Introduction
NPR: National Performance Review
NRC: National Research Council
NRC: Nuclear Regulatory Commission
NRLA: National Labor Relations Board
NSB: National Science Board
NSF: National Science Foundation
NSIC: National Storage Industry Consortium
NSTC: National Science and Technology Council
NTSC: National Television System Committee
NTR: Normal Trade Relations

OA: Optical Amplifier
OADM: Optical Add-Drop Multiplexer
OAG: Open Applications Group
OASIS: Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards
OCC: Office of the Comptroller of the Currency
ODM: Original Design Manufacturer
ODM: Original Device Manufacturer
ODS: Ozone Depleting Substance
OE: Optoelectronics
OECD: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
OEE: Original Equipment Effectiveness
OEIC: Optoelectronic Integrated Circuit
OEM: Original Equipment Manufacturer
OFPP: Office of Federal Procurement Policy
OIDA: Optoelectronics Industry Development Association
OIG: Office of the Inspector General
OLAP: Online Analytical Programs (or Processing)
OLE: Open Linking Embedding
OLED: Organic Light Emitting Diode
OLTP: On Line Transaction Processing
OMB: Office of Management and Budget
OMG: Object Management Group
ONR: Office of Naval Research
ONU: Optical Network Unit
OOP: Out Of Production
OPC: OLE for Process Control
OPT: Optimized Production Technology
OSHA: Occupational Safety and Health Administration
OSIC: Open Supplier Integration Center
OSTP: Office of Science and Technology Policy
OTC: On-Time delivery to Commit date
OTCR: On-Time delivery performance to Customer Request Date
OTDM: Optical Time Division Multiplexing
OXC: Optical Cross Connect

PA: Power Amplifier
PAC: Production Activity Control
PAL: Europe's television standard committee
PBA: Printed Board Assembly
PBC: Plated and Bonded Copper
PBJA: Plastic Ball Grid Array
PBT: Persistent, Bioaccumulative and Toxic
PC: Personal Computer
PCB: Printed Circuit Board
PCD: Poly Crystalline Diamond
PCM: Phase Change Material
PCS: Personal Communication Service
PCVC: Personal Computer Video Conference
PDA: Personal Digital Assistant
PDC: Personal Digital Cordless phone
PDP: Plasma Display Panel
PDF: Portable Document Format
PDM: Product Data Management
PECVD: Plasma Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition
PEM: Proton Exchange Membranes
PERT: Project Evaluation and Review Technique
PERT/CPM: Program Evaluation and Review Technique/Critical Path Method
PGA: Pin Grid Array
PGP: Pretty Good Privacy
PGU: Power Generation Unit
PI: Principal Investigator
PID Problem Identification Document
PIM: Product Information Management
PIP: Partner Integration Process
PIRG: Public Interest Research Group
PLCC: Plastic Leaded Chip Carrier
PLM: Product Lifecycle Management
PM: Particulate Matter
PMA: Power Marketing Administrations
PMD: Polarization Mode Dispersion
PMLCD: Passive Matrix Liquid Crystal Display
PMLOED: Passive Matrix Organic Light Emitting Diode
PMT: Passenger Miles Traveled
PNGV: Partnership For A New Generation of Vehicles
POF: Plastic Optical Fiber
POM: Production/Operations Management
PON: Passive Optical Network
POOGI: Process of Ongoing Improvement
POS: Point of Sale
POTS: Plain Old Telephone Service
PP&E: Property, Plant & Equipment
PR: Process Reengineering
PRONet: Procurement Marketing and Access Network
PRT: Pre-requisite Tree
PTAC: Procurement Technical Assistance Center
PTFE: Polytetrafluoroethylene
PTH: Plated Through Hole
PTO: Patent and Trademark Office
PWA: Printed Wiring Assembly
PWB: Printed Wiring Board

QA: Quality Assurance
QB: Quality Breakdown
QC: Quality Control
QDR: Quadrennial Defense Review
QFD: Quality Function[al] Deployment
QE: Quantum Efficiency
QFP: Quad Flat Package
QR: Quick Response

RAP: Revenue Acquisition Process
RBSU: Really Big Screw Up
RCRA: Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
R&D: Research and Development
RDF: Resource Description Framework
RDT&E: Research, Development, Testing & Evaluation
RF: Radio Frequency
RFDC: Radio Frequency Data Communications
RF / IF: Radio Frequency / Intermediate Frequency
RFM: Recency, Frequency and Monetary
RGB: Red Green Blue
RISC: Reduced Instruction Set Computer
RMA: Return Material (or Merchandise) Authorization
ROI: Return On Investment
ROIC: Return On Invested Capital
RONA: Return On Net Assets
ROP: Reorder Point
ROU: Record Of Understanding
RPM: Rapid Response Manufacturing
RSC: Retail Service Center
RTD: Research and Technical Development
RTM: Read The Manual

SADC; Southern African Development Community
SBA: Small Business Administration
SBDC: Small Business Development Center
SBIC: Small Business Investment Company
SBIR: Small Business Innovation Research
SBM: Standard Base Modules
SCADA: Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition
SCC: Standards Council of Canada
SCC: Supply Chain Council
SCM: Single Chip Module
SCM: Supply Chain Management
SCOR: Supply Chain Operations Reference model
SCP: Single Chip Package
SCR: Synchronized Customer Response
SEC: Securities and Exchange Commission
SES: Senior Executive Service
SDH: Synchronous Digital Hierarchy
SDWA: Safe Drinking Water Act
SECS: Semiconductor Equipment Communications Standard
SEMI: Semiconductor Equipment Materials International
SFA: Sales Force Automation
SGA: Selling, General and Administrative expenses
SGML: Standard Generalized Markup Language
SIA: Semiconductor Industry Association
SIG: Special Interest Group
SIV: Signal Integrity Verification
SKU: Stock Keeping Units
SLA: StereoLithography Apparatus
SLICE: Simple Low-Cost Innovative Engine
SLS: Selective Laser Sintering
SMART: Self Monitoring Analysis and Reporting Technology
SME: Society of Manufacturing Engineers
SMT: Surface Mount Technology
SMTP: Standard Mail Transport Protocol
SMWT: Self Managed Work Teams
SOA: Semiconductor Optical Amplifier
SOC: System on a Chip
SOI: Silicon On Insulator
SOAP: Simple Object Access Protocol
SONET: Synchronous Optical Network
SOP: Sales and Operations Planning
SOP: Standard Operating Procedure
SOP: System On a Package
SO2: Sulfur Dioxide
SOW: Statement of Work
SPC: Statistical Process Control
SPM: Standard Process Modules
SPS: Standard Procurement System
SRAM: Static Random Access Memory
SRM: Standard Reference Material
SRM: Standard SQL: Sequential Query Language
SSA: Social Security Administration
SSI: Supplemental Security Income
SSL: Secure Socket Layer
STARS: Standard Accounting and Reporting System
STEP: Standard for the Exchange of Product model data
SVF: Simple Vector Format
SVGA; Super Video Graphics Adapter
SWAG: Scientific Wild-Ass Guess
SWIFT: Simulated Work Input and Flow Time
SWOT: Analysis: Strengths, Weakness, Opportunity and Threats Analysis

TAA: Trade Adjustment Assistance
TAB: Tape Automated Bonding
TACT: Total Average Cycle Time
Tb: Terabyte
TCE: Temperature Coefficient of Expansion
TCM: Time Critical Manufacturing
TCM: Transportation Control Measures
TCP/IP: Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol
TCR: Temperature Coefficient of Resistance
TDC: Total Delivered Cost
TDM: Team Data Manager
TDM: Time Division Multiplexing
TDMA: Time Division Multiple Access
TEC: Thermoelectric Cooler
TEP: Transatlantic Economic Partnership
TEWE: Technology for Enterprise-Wide Engineering
TFT: Thin Film Transistor
TIA: Trans-Impedance Amplifier
TIFF: Tag Image File Format
TIG: Technology Implementation Group
TIM: Test Inspection Measurement
TLA: Three Letter Acronym
T&M: Tools and Methodology
TOC: Theory of Constraints
TOPS: Team Oriented Problem Solving
TPA: Technology and Product Assurance
TPI: Total Profit Improvement
TPM: Total Productive Maintenance
TPN: Trading Process (or Partner) Network
TPOP: Time-Phased Order Point
TPS: Toyota Production System
TQC: Total Quality Control
TQM: Total Quality Management
T/R: Transmit / Receive
TRI: Toxic Release Inventory
TRT: Transition Tree
TSCA: Toxic Substances Control Act
TVA: Throughput Value Added
TWG: Technology Working Group

UC: Unit Cost
UDDI: Universal Description, Discovery Interface
UHC: Unburned Hydrocarbons
UL: Underwriters Laboratories
UNESCO: United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UPT: Ultrafine Pitch Technology
URAA: Uruguay Round Agreements Act
URL: Uniform Resource Locator
USABC: United States Advanced Battery Consortium
USAID: United States Agency for International Development
USDA: United States Department of Agriculture
USDC: United States Display Consortium
USEC: United States Enrichment Corp.
USITC: United States International Trade Commission
UV: Ultraviolet

VAD: Value Added Distribution
VAN: Value Added Network
VAR: Value Added Reseller
VCCD; Vertical Charge Coupled Device
VDSL: Very High Speed Digital Subscriber Line
VE: Value Engineering
VESA: Video Electronics Standards Association
VESEL: Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Laser
VFD: Video Fluorescent Display
VFIIP: Virtual Factory Information Interchange Project
VGA: Video Graphics Adapter
VHDL: Very High Density Logic
VLSI: Very Large Scale Integration
VMI: Vendor Managed Inventory
VOC: Volatile Organic Compound
VPDM: Virtual Product Data Management
VPM: Virtual Product Model
VRML: Virtual Reality Modeling Language

WAN: Wide Area Network
WARN: Workers' Adjustment and Retraining Notification Act
WBS: Work Breakdown Schedule
WCDMA: Wideband Code Division Multiple Access
WCM: World Class Manufacturing
WDM: Wavelength Division Multiplexing
WHO: World Health Organization
WIMP: Woefully Inept Manufacturing Process
WIP: Work in Process
WLL: Wireless Local Loop
WMS: Warehouse Management System
WPI: Worcestor Polytechnic Institute
WRT: With Respect To
WTO: World Trade Organization
W3C: World Wide Web Consortium

XGA: Extended Graphics Adapter
XML: Extensible Markup Language

ZEV: Zero Emissions Vehicle

Acronyms A - L

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