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Manufacturing & Technology News editors are constantly searching for and receiving new reports, analyses and books that readers would find helpful in their jobs. Here is our list of recent manufacturing-related reports that our editors have reviewed.

If you have a report you want to publicize in this list, please send it or an abstract to the editor via e-mail at editor @manufacturingnews.com (no space in the e-mail address) or go to our comments section. You can also send it by mail to Manufacturing & Technology News, P.O. Box 36, Annandale, VA 22003.

2002 Reports 

Changing Patterns of Pharmaceutical Innovation finds that pharmaceutical companies have largely stopped creating new drugs and are instead introducing variations of existing products. "In the 12-year period from 1989 to 2000, the FDA approved 1,035 new drug applications," says the report. "Of these, 361 or 35 percent were for new molecular entities or drugs containing new ingredients, 674 or 65 percent contained active ingredients that were already available in marketed products and 116 or 11 percent were identical to products already available on the U.S. market." The report is available from the National Institute for Health Care Management, http://www.nihcm.org or by calling 202-296-4426.

Beyond Borders -- Ernst & Young's Global Biotechnology Report says the industry is poised for growth, given a healthy number of new products approaching commercialization. "There are 300 products in stage three clinical trails in the nation, a clear indicator of a healthy industry that offers revenues and employment today, but also illustrates that we're poised for significant growth," says Rich Mejia, head of Ernst & Young's Pacific Southwest health science practice. The United States retains its lead with 55 percent, or 342 companies, of the world's publicly traded biotech companies accounting for 72 percent of global revenue. The report is located at www.ey.com/beyondborders.

Semiconductor companies that participate actively in sharing information up and down their supply chains are more likely to succeed than those that don't, according to a new report from the Semiconductor Supply Chain Association (SSCA). In its study entitled Collaboration Best Practices in High Technology Industry, the association found that 47 percent of the companies participating in the survey believe collaboration capabilities are the source of competitive advantage. Another 19 percent consider it to be a "survival issue." To download an executive summary of the report, go to http://www.sscassoc.org/report_summary/SSCA_Collaboration_Summary.pdf.

Enter the Dragon: China's Computer Industry, from the Center for Research on Information Technology and Organizations at the U. of California Irvine, describes the development and future of the fast-growing Chinese computer industry. It is available at http://www.crito.uci.edu/git/publications/pdf/EnterTheDragon.pdf.

Best Manufacturing Practices Survey Reports on Frontier Electronic Systems, Stillwater, Okla., and on Lockheed Martin Naval Electronics & Surveillance Systems Surface Systems in Morristown, N.J., are available from the Best Manufacturing Practices Center of Excellence at www.bmpcoe.org.

Compensation in Manufacturing, a report from the National Association of Manufacturers investigates the pay scales for a variety of manufacturing jobs. "How much is your competition paying their employees?" NAM asks. The report is available for $995 ($1,492.50 for non-NAM members), by calling 800-637-3005.

The Role of Computer Technology In The Growth of Productivity, is a new report from the Congressional Budget Office, and is located at: http://www.CBO.GOV/showdoc.cfm?index=3448&sequence=0&from=7.

The Impact of E-Commerce on Auto Dealers from the Small Business Administration says e-commerce is reshaping the industry, but slowly. It is available at http://www.sba.gov/advo/research/rs210tot.pdf.

Fewer airline passengers traveled on U.S. airlines in 2001, the first annual decline in a decade, according to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics. In 2001, 622 million passengers boarded 8.8 million U.S. airline flights, down from 666 million passengers on 9 million flights in 2000. While passenger enplanements were down 6.6 percent and flights were down 2.7 percent from 2000, freight revenue ton-miles were off more than 7 percent. International freight was down 7.8 percent. To view the report, Air Carrier Traffic Statistics, go to http://www.dot.gov/affairs/bts1102.htm.

California had 2 million people working in manufacturing jobs in 2000, the highest of any state in the country, followed by Ohio and Texas with about one million manufacturing jobs each, according to the Census Bureau's 2000 Annual Survey of Manufactures, Geographic Area Statistics. To view the report, go to http://www.census.gov/prod/2002pubs/m00as-3.pdf.

"Manufacturing leads all industry sectors with e-commerce shipments that account for 18.4 percent ($777 billion) of the total value of manufactured shipments," according to a new report from the Census Bureau. The next closest industry is merchant wholesalers, with 7.7 percent or $213 billion of total sales being conducted electronically. Manufacturers lead due to their longstanding use of electronic data interchange (EDI). To view the eight-page report, Measuring the Electronic Economy, go to http://www.census.gov/eos/www/ebusiness614.htm.

One out of every five U.S. citizens is either foreign born or a first generation American, says the Census Bureau in a new analysis. "The number of foreign-born and first-generation residents is likely to rise in the future as recent immigrants form families," said Dianne Schmidley, author of Profile of the Foreign-Born Population in the United States: 2000. Births to foreign-born women now account for 1-in-5 births in the United States, which is up from about 1-in-20 three decades ago." The report is available at http://www.census.gov/prod/2002pubs/p23-206.pdf.

State governments spent $1.1 trillion in 2000, "exceeding the $1 trillion mark for the first time in U.S. history," according to the Census Bureau's report, Federal, State, and Local Governments State Government Finances, located at: http://www.census.gov/govs/www/state.html.

The electricity grid in the United States needs to be upgraded and the Energy Department has 51 specific measures that can be implemented. To view the National Transmission Grid Study, go to http://www.eh.doe.gov/ntgs/.

Deepwater Gulf of Mexico 2002: America's Expanding Frontier, a new report from the Minerals Management Service, details the rapid growth of the oil and gas industry in water deeper than 1,000 feet. It is located at http://www.gomr.mms.gov/homepg/whatsnew/techann/2002-021.html.

North Sea oil and natural gas production reached new heights in 2000, with oil production exceeding 6 million barrels per day for the first time, reports the Energy Information Administration. But production declined slightly in 2001, to about 5.9 million bbl/d. "The declines in mature fields are predicted to outweigh the gains from newer, smaller fields from 2003 onwards, indicating a long-run decline in North Sea production," says the EIA in a new report, North Sea Oil Reserves, located at http://www.eia.doe.gov/cabs/northsea.htm.

"Pharmaceuticals, hormones and other organic wastewater-related chemicals have been detected at very low concentrations in streams across the nation," says the U.S. Geological Survey in a new report. These chemicals have been consumed and excreted by people and were not removed by water treatment plants. "Many of the chemicals examined (81 of 95) do not have drinking-water standards or health advisories. Measured concentrations of compounds that do have standards or criteria rarely exceeded any of them," says the USGS. Steroids, non-prescription drugs and a chemical found in insect repellents were the chemical groups most frequently detected. In half the streams sampled, seven or more compounds were detected and in one stream, 38 chemicals were present in a single water sample. The report, Water-Quality Data for Pharmaceuticals, Hormones and Other Organic Wastewater Contaminants in U.S. Streams, 1999-2000, is available at http://toxics.usgs.gov/pubs/OFR-02-94/index.html.

Waste in the Wireless World: The Challenge of Cell Phones, a report from Inform Inc., says a solution needs to be found for recycling cell phones and reducing the hazardous materials in them. The report is available at http://www.informinc.org/cellphone.htm.

"Nearly 85 percent of the 29 million gallons of petroleum that enter North American ocean waters each year as a result of human activities comes from land-based runoff, polluted rivers, airplanes and small boats and jet skis, while less than 8 percent comes from tanker or pipeline spills," says a new report from the National Research Council. "Oil spills can have long-lasting and devastating effects on the ocean environment, but we need to know more about damage caused by petroleum from land-based sources and small watercraft since they represent most of the oil leaked by human activities," says James Colemen, chairman of the committee that wrote the report, Oil In The Sea: Inputs, Fates and Effects, which is available at http://www.nap.edu.

President Bush's Clear Skies Initiative aims to cut greenhouse gas emissions by 18 percent over the next 10 years and supports an aggressive research program into global warming issues. It would reduce emissions of nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide and mercury by 70 percent by 2010. The plan is located at http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/02/20020214-5.html.

The Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality Improvement Program: Assessing 10 Years of Experience, is from the National Research Council, 800-642-6424.

Regulation of Weights, Lengths and Widths of Commercial Motor Vehicles" a new report from the National Academy of Sciences, says double trailers as long as 33 feet each should be permitted on the nation's highways, making the trailers five feet longer than the 28-foot double trailers that are most common today. "The 33-foot trailers can turn at intersections without encroaching any farther on opposing lanes than tractor-trailers," says the Transportation Research Board. With bigger vehicles, freight can be moved at lower costs. Free copies of the report are available at http://www.nap.edu or by calling the Transportation Research Board at 202-334-3213.

The cost of auto crashes in the United States reached $230.6 billion, or an average of $820 for every American, according to a new report, The Economic Impact of Motor Vehicle Crashes 2000, from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration located at http://www.dot.gov/affairs/nhtsa3802.htm.

The total number of people killed on America's highways decreased slightly last year to 41,730, compared to 41,821 in 2000, reports the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). Traffic fatality and injury rates remained at historic lows in 2001 and deaths of children ages 15 and under dropped to the lowest level since record keeping began (to 2,658). The fatality rate per 100 million vehicle miles was 1.50 in 2001, down slightly from the 2000 rate of 1.52. The number of people injured dropped from 3.2 million in 2000 to 3.0 million in 2001. In 2001, vehicle miles traveled increased to 2.778 trillion, up from 2.75 trillion in 2000. Sixty percent of those killed in crashes last year were not wearing seat belts and 40 percent of those killed were the result of drunk drivers. To view the report, Motor Vehicle Traffic Crash Fatality and Injury Estimates go to http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/pdf/nrd-30/NCSA/Rpts/2002/2001EARelease.pdf.

Foreign aid is lifting many countries out of poverty, but wealthy nations are giving less each year, according to a new World Bank study. "Better allocation of aid since the end of the Cold War means that it is more effective today at reducing poverty than ever before," says the report entitled The Role and Effectiveness of Development Assistance. "Despite some significant setbacks, overall progress has been remarkable and aid has often helped to underpin success." To view the report, go to http://econ.worldbank.org/view.php?type=5&id=13080.

The United States spent a record $147 billion on criminal justice activities in 1999, reports the Bureau of Justice Statistics. "Spending on police protection, corrections and judicial and legal services has increased by about 8 percent annually over the past two decades," says the BJS. State and local governments in 1999 spent about $442 on criminal justice activities per resident in the United States while the federal government spent an additional $97 for each resident. The highest per capita state and local expenditures in 1999 occurred in Alaska, New York and California. In 1999 there were 2.2 million justice-related employees throughout the country. For every 10,000 residents in the United States, state and local governments employed about 67 persons to provide criminal justice services. For a copy of the report, Justice Expenditure and Employment in the United States, 1999 (NCJ 191746), call the BJS Clearinghouse at 1-800/732-3277 or visit http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/abstract/jeeus99.htm.

"Emerging ballistic missile states continue to increase the range, reliability and accuracy of the missile systems in their inventories -- posing ever greater risks to U.S. forces, interests and allies throughout the world," concludes a new report from the Central Intelligence Agency that was released to the public in May. "Proliferation of ballistic missile-related technologies, materials, and expertise -- especially by Russian, Chinese, and North Korean entities -- has enabled emerging missile states to accelerate missile development, acquire new capabilities and potentially develop even more capable and longer range future systems." For a copy of Foreign Missile Developments and the Ballistic Missile Threat Through 2015, go to http://www.cia.gov/nic/pubs/other_products/Unclassifiedballisticmissilefinal.htm .

The small business share of the private economy has increased to 52 percent over the past decade, reports the Small Business Administration's Office of Advocacy. "The growth has been driven by the shift in the economy towards small business dominated sectors, such as services," says SBA. "It's clear that the health of small business in general drives our economy and that it will be small business that leads us out of our current economic downturn." The report is available at http://www.sba.gov/advo/research/rs211tot.pdf.

The Condition of Education 2002, the yearly update from the Department of Education, finds that there are mixed results in student performance. Schools with high-poverty populations continue to struggle. The report is located at http://www.nces.ed.gov/programs/coe/.

Assessment of Technologies Deployed To Improve Aviation Security, Second Report: Progress Toward Objectives is from the National Research Council, 800-642-6424.

Security in the Information Age: New Challenges, New Strategies, from the Joint Economic Committee is located at http://www.house.gov/jec/security.pdf.

Toward A More Effective Role for the U.S. Government in International Science and Engineering (NSB 01-187), a report from the National Science Board, says the U.S. government needs to take international S&T initiatives more seriously. Copies of the report are available at http://www.nsf.gov/cgi-bin/getpub?nsb01187.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2002 from the National Science Foundation is a massive achievement in research on research. It is available at http://www.nsf.gov/sbe/srs/seind02/start.htm.

Research and Development in Industry, 1999, is available from the National Science Foundation's Division of Science Resource Statistics by calling 301-947-2722.

Benchmarking Industry-Science Relations, a study from the OECD, explores how countries can harness scientific research to underpin their economic growth. "Stronger links between companies and universities can boost investment and research and development as well as attracting venture capital and highly qualified professionals from abroad," says the OECD. The lesson from the United States is that research and commercialization goals can be compatible and mutually reinforcing. "However, many other OECD countries are lagging behind in bringing academia and business closer together." The report can be purchased from the OECD at 202-785-6323.

Dell Computer: Organizing a Global Production Network looks at how Dell Computer organizes a global production network in support of its direct sales, build-to-order business model and "virtual company" organization. It details the location of Dell's activities and the factors that determine its location decisions, as well as the impact of Dell's choices on its suppliers' location decisions. The report, produced by the Center for Research on Information Technology and Organizations at the University of California Irvine, is located at http://www.crito.uci.edu/git/publications/pdf/dell.pdf.

Globalization of the PC Industry: Trends and Implications finds that globalization has led to lower PC prices and more rapid diffusion of the technology, leading to faster growth in related software and services. "However, there have been both winners and losers in the process, as some countries have seen the demise of local PC industries while others have benefited from participation in the global production network led by multinational PC vendors," says the Center for Research on Information Technology and Organizations at the University of California Irvine. The paper is located at http://www.crito.uci.edu/git/publications/pdf/GlobalizationOfThePCIndustry1-02.pdf .

The National Recycling Economic Information Study finds that the U.S. recycling industry generates $236 billion in annual revenue and employs more than 1.1 million workers, according to the National Recycling Coalition, an Alexandria, Va.-based group with 4,500 members. The paper recycling industry alone employs 139,000 people and generates $49 billion in annual sales. To view the study, go to http://www.nrc-recycle.org/resources/rei/reihome.htm.

Breathing Easier about Energy: A Healthy Economy and Healthier Air, a report from the Foundation for Clean Air Progress, finds that air pollution has dropped substantially since 1970 while energy use has risen. For a copy of the report, go to http://www.cleanairprogress.org.

Preliminary Assessment of the Cumulative Risks of Organophosphorus Pesticides, a report from the Department of Agriculture, describes the impact pesticides are having on people, available at: http://www.ams.usda.gov/science/pdp/download.htm.

U.S.-Mexico Border XXI Program: Progress Report 1996-2001, a report from the EPA, finds that the governments of the United States and Mexico have made "significant progress in addressing key environmental, health and natural resources needs" of the U.S.-Mexican border region. To obtain the full report, submit a request for EPA publication number 160/R/00/001 at http://www.epa.gov/ncepihom/ordering.htm or call 800-490-9198 or 513-490-8190.

President Bush's Clear Skies Initiative aims to cut greenhouse gas emissions by 18 percent over the next 10 years and supports an aggressive research program into global warming issues. It would reduce emissions of nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide and mercury by 70 percent by 2010. The plan is located at: http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/02/20020214-5.html.

Compliance Cost of Federal Workplace Regulations: Survey Results of U.S. Manufacturers, finds that U.S. manufacturers are spending an average of $2.2 million per firm and $1,700 per employee to comply with federal workplace regulations. The study, funded by the National Association of Manufacturers, is located at: http://www.mercatus.org/Workplace%20Regs%20Survey%20final.pdf.

The OIT Times is published quarterly by the Department of Energy's Office of Industrial Technologies, one of the few government programs aimed at improving the efficiency of industrial processes. To sign up for this publication, which will keep you abreast of upcoming solicitations, call Joyce Brunson at 202-586-1658 or send her an e-mail at joyce.brunson@ee.doe.gov.

NASA Aeronautics Blueprint addresses "solutions to critical issues in aeronautics by developing new technology leading to a bold new era of aviation," says NASA. The blueprint is NASA's "new and revolutionary technology vision," says administrator Sean O'Keefe. "Working in partnership with the Federal Aviation Administration, the Department of Defense and industry, this blueprint will transform NASA and create the excitement necessary to inspire and develop an engineering workforce that will enable a new era in flight." It is available at http://www.aerospace.nasa.gov/aero_blueprint/index.html.

Commercial Supersonic Technology: The Way Ahead, a report from the National Research Council, says new areas of research need to be undertaken in order to overcome the barriers to developing a new generation of commercial supersonic aircraft within the next 25 years. For a copy, go to http://national-academies.org.

Aerospace Facts & Figures, 2001/2002 is available from the Aerospace Industries Association. To order a copy, go to http:www.aia-aerospace.org/stats/facts_figures/facts_figures.cfm.

Deployment of Advanced Telecommunications Capability to All Americans finds that high-speed telecommunications systems are "being deployed to all Americans in a reasonable and timely manner," says the FCC in a report located at http://hraunfoss.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/FCC-02-33A1.txt.

The Amtrak Reform Council Action Plan for the Restructuring and Rationalization of the National Railroad Passenger System is available at http://www.amtrakreformcouncil.gov.

The Budget of the United States Governmentis President Bush's first full budget. It is available at: http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/budget/fy2003/text/.

The Advanced Technology Program: Reform With A Purpose is a new report from the Commerce Department that describes how the industrial technology development program run by NIST will be restructured. It is available at: http://www.atp.nist.gov/atp/secy_rept/contents.htm.

Saudi Arabia Energy Outlook finds that the September 11 terrorist attack "has thrown Saudi Arabia's economic outlook back into question," says the Energy Information Administration in an assessment of the kingdom's energy situation. To view the analysis, go to http://www.eia.doe.gov/cabs/saudi.html.

The Federal PAC Count report from the Federal Election Commission finds that the number of federally registered political action committees (PACs) increased slightly from 3,877 on July 1, 2001, to 3,891 by January 1. Corporate PACs remain the largest category, with 1,508 committees, followed by non-connected groups with 1,019. For a complete report, go to http://www.fec.gov/press/20020124pacno.html.

The Statistical Abstract of the United States contains a wealth of information and data about all aspects of the U.S. economy and society and is a great resource for market research. For more information, go to http://www.census.gov/prod/2002pubs/01statab/stat-ab01.html.

Profile of the Foreign-Born Population in the United States: 2000 is available from the Census Bureau at: http://www.census.gov/prod/2002pubs/p23-206.pdf.

Optical Metropolitan Networks and Optical Switching Systems from the ARC Group says the optical switching technology market should grow from $307 million in 2001 to $6.45 billion by 2006. "After 2006, this technology is expected to dominate the telecommunications market," says the market research firm. Optical switching technology is maturing and prices are decreasing rapidly. "2003 will definitely be the year that will mark mass adoption of this technology around the world," says ARC. For more information on study, go to http://www.arcgroup.com.

The Internal Revenue Service's Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) for capitalization of expenditures incurred in acquiring, creating or enhancing intangible assets is available at http://www.treas.gov/press/releases/4830.pdf.

IPC Publications Catalog provides a 58-page listing of standards and publications for design, materials, manufacturing, assembly, quality and test of printed circuit boards and electronics assembly. To order a copy, go to http://www.ipc.org/onlinestore.

A Blueprint for Workforce Excellence: Core and Concentration Skill Standards for Manufacturing provides the skills standards developed by the Manufacturing Skill Standards Council for use throughout the manufacturing sector. The standards were developed over three years after interviews with 3,800 workers at 700 companies. The CD-Rom version is available for purchase at http:www.msscusa.org or by calling Emily Brennan at 202-216-2753.

An Assessment of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's Rating System for Rollover Resistance, from the National Academy of Sciences finds that SUVs are dangerous vehicles to drive. The rating system also does not inform consumers of the real dangers of specific automobiles. "Motor vehicle rollovers involving passenger cars, vans, pickup trucks and sport utility vehicles result in approximately 10,000 deaths and 27,000 serious injuries each year in the United States," says the report. "Although rollover occurs in fewer than one in 10 tow-away crashes involving light vehicles, these crashes account for almost a third of light-vehicle occupant fatalities." For a copy of the report, go to, http://gulliver.trb.org/publications/sr/sr265.pdf.

Justice Expenditures and Employment in the United States, 1999 describes how the justice system cost the United States $159 billion last year. It is available at http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/abstract/jeeus99.htm.

North American Infrared Sensors Markets, a report from Frost & Sullivan, says the market for infrared sensors should grow from $474 million in 2000 to $815.4 million by 2007. "The infrared sensors market in North America is dynamic, developing and growing,'' says Frost & Sullivan analyst Daniela Carrillo. "Although there are many manufacturers in the gas, optical, humidity and temperature sensor markets, most of them have not yet developed and introduced infrared sensing into their product line.'' Infrared sensors can measure extreme temperatures at a distance, thereby avoiding deterioration from harsh environments and allowing for a greater degree of employee safety. "Infrared sensors can be used while machines are still in operation, limiting downtime,'' says Carrillo. For more information on the report, (No. 7984), go to http:www.frost.com.

Defense Department Manufacturing Technology Five-Year Plan for 2002 through 2006 is available at http://www.dodmantech.com/PUBS/pubs.shtml#planning.

The Commerce Department's Advanced Technology Program has a new lease on life. The Bush administration says the program is worth salvaging, although at a much reduced level of financial commitment. To view "The ATP: Reform With a Purpose,"the agency's analysis on how the program needs to be restructured, go to:

NASA has developed a new blueprint that addresses "solutions to critical issues in aeronautics by developing new technology leading to a bold new era of aviation," says the agency. The blueprint is NASA's "new and revolutionary technology vision," says administrator Sean O'Keefe. It is available at:

2001 Reports

2000 Reports

1999 Reports

Send them to Editor, Manufacturing & Technology News, P.O. Box 36, Annandale, VA 22003; or fax us a synopsis at 703-750-0064; via e-mail, editor @manufacturingnews.com; or drop us a line in the Comments section of our Web site.

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