Manufacturing & Technology News editors are constantly searching for and receiving new
reports, analyses and books that readers would find helpful in their jobs.
Here is our list of recent manufacturing-related reports that our editors
If you have a report you want to publicize in this list, please send it or an abstract to the editor via e-mail at editor @manufacturingnews.com (no space in the e-mail address) or go to our comments section. You can also send it by mail to Manufacturing & Technology News, P.O. Box 36, Annandale, VA 22003.
Automobile Retail and Production in the Age of E-Commerce from the Economic Strategy Institute says state laws must be overturned to allow manufacturers the ability to sell directly to consumers through the Internet. It can be ordered by calling 202-326-8554.
Facing the Forces of Change: Future Scenarios for Wholesale Distributors finds that there is an inherent conflict between manufacturers wanting to sell directly to customers via the Internet and wholesalers wanting to represent them. For a copy of the report from the National Association of Wholesalers-Distributors, go to http://www.nawpubs.org.
Investment in Production Resources Flexibility: An Empirical Investigation of Methods for Planning Under Uncertainty finds that buying new capital equipment can save a lot more money than most companies realize. For a copy of the report, produced by Penn State University, set your browser to http://www.lems.smeal.psu.edu/katok/Simpaper9_14.pdf.
The Changing CEO Agenda for Industrial Equipment: Strategies for Thriving in the New Economy from Accenture finds that most companies are not on top of the challenges presented by globalization and electronic commerce. For a copy, contact Dean Teglia at 312-693-7943.
The American Customer Satisfaction Index for 2001 is available from the University of Michigan's Business School at www.bus.umich.edu/acsi. It rates major durable products manufacturers.
U.S. Manufacturing Industry's Impact on Ethical, Labor and Environmental Standards in Developing Countries: A Survey of Current Practices from the Manufacturers Alliance and the National Association of Manufacturers says U.S. companies take their high ethical standards with them when they open factories overseas. For a copy of the report, call 703-841-9000.
Cyberstates 2001: A State-By-State Overview of the High Technology Industry from the American Electronics Association rates each of the states in their creation of technology jobs and is available at http://www.aeanet.org.
Fuel Cell Powered Vehicles: Automotive Technology of the Future is available from the Society of Automotive Engineers for $875 by calling 877-606-7323 or by visiting http://www.sae.org.
Intelligent Vehicle Technologies from the SAE is available for $79 by calling 877-606-7323 or by visiting http://www.sae.org.
Product Data Quality for the Global Automotive Industry is from the Automotive Industry Action Group and is available by calling 248-358-3003.
The Supply Chain Operations Reference Model (SCOR) Version 5.0 is available from the Supply Chain Council at http://www.supply-chain.org.
The Perfect Engine: How to Win in the New Demand Economy by Building to Order with Fewer Resources is a 282-page book by Anand Sharma, CEO of TBM Consulting Group and Patricia Moody. It is published by The Free Press.
The Productivity Paradox: It is Resolved? Is There a New One? What Does It All Mean for Managers? from the Center for Research on Information Technology and Organizations at the University of California, Irvine, can be downloaded at http://www.crito.uci.edu/itr/publications/pdf/it_prod_paradox.pdf.
The Deloitte Consulting reports listed below are available by calling 212-492-3791 or by visiting http://www.dc.com/research.
Best Manufacturing Practices Program's Survey Conducted at General Dynamics Armament Systems, Burlington, Vt., is available from the BMP Center of Excellence at the University of Maryland: http://www.bmpcoe.org.
Antidumping Action in the United States and Around the World: An Update from the Congressional Budget Office finds that the United States is a heavy user of dumping duties. For a copy of the report, go to: ftp.cbo.gov/28xx/doc2895/Antidumping.pdf.
Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries found that fatal injuries at the workplace fell by 2 percent last year to 5,915. "The decline occurred even though overall employment increased in 2000," says the Bureau of Labor Statistics. For a breakdown by industry sector, go to ftp://18.104.22.168/pub/news.release/cfoi.txt.
Competitive Assessment of the U.S. Large Civil Aircraft Aerostructures Industry from the International Trade Commission finds the U.S. is losing its competitiveness. For a copy of the report (No. 3433), call 202-205-1809.
Addressing the Challenges of International Bribery and Fair Competition from the U.S. Department of Commerce says "the level playing field for lawful business activity we have sought for almost a quarter century for our companies may soon be a reality." For information on the report, go to www.mac.doc.gov/tcc.
Shifts in U.S. Merchandise Trade 2000 from the International Trade Commission provides an analysis of the trade situation. The report (USITC Publication 3436) is available at http://www.usitc.gov.
Year in Trade 2000 from the International Trade Commission includes complete listings of antidumping, countervailing duty, safeguard and intellectual property right infringement statistics, among others. The report (No. 3428) is available at http://www.usitc.gov. A CD-ROM of reports covering the years 1995 through 1999 is available by calling 202-205-1809.
An Evaluation of Cap-And-Trade Programs for Reducing U.S. Carbon Emissions from the Congressional Budget Office is available from the CBO Web site at www.cbo.gov.
Fuel Economy Guide for 2002 Passenger Cars from the Environmental Protection Agency and the Department of Energy is available at http://www.fueleconomy.gov.
Federal Science and Engineering Support to Universities, Colleges and Nonprofit Institutions, 1999, Detailed Statistical Tables (228 pages) is available from the National Science Foundation's Division of Science Resource Studies, 301-947-2722.
Federal Funds for Research and Development: Fiscal Years 1999, 2000 and 2001 from the NSF's Division of Science Resource Studies (321 pages), is available by calling 301-947-2722.
Academic Research and Development Expenditures 1999, 267 pages, is available from the National Science Foundation's Division of Science Resource Studies, 301-947-2722.
The six OECD reports below are available by calling the OECD in Washington, D.C. at 202-785-6323.
The Investment Environment in the Russian Federation has a cost of $39.00
Environmental Performance Reviews: Achievements in OECD Countries finds that emissions of most pollutants declined steadily during the 1990s and that "the policies that led to these improvements have not in themselves posed significant economic costs."
Education at a Glance says OECD countries are struggling with rising demand for educational spending, but that only in Turkey, Greece, New Zealand, Portugal, Denmark and Italy is public spending keeping up with overall economic growth. "In the U.S., public spending on educational institutions as a percentage of GDP has dropped below the OECD average of 5 percent since 1997."
New Patterns of Industrial Globalization, 178 pages, $45.00.
Innovation and Productivity in Services.
Restructuring Public Utilities for Competition.
The following National Academy of Sciences reports are available by calling 800-624-6242 or 202-334-3313 or by visiting http://www.nap.edu. There is a charge for the reports.
Review of the Research Program of the Partnership for New Generation of Vehicles.
Laying The Foundation for Space Solar Power: An Assessment of NASA's Space Solar Power Investment Strategy.
Arsenic in Drinking Water: 2001 Update finds that arsenic even at low levels causes cancer and it should be heavily regulated.
Observations on the President's Fiscal Year 2002 Federal Science and Technology Budget finds that the federal government's commitment to the physical sciences is declining to a dangerously low level.
Trends in Federal Support of Research and Graduate Education.
Climate Change Science: An Analysis of Some Key Questions says there is indisputable evidence that the surface temperature on earth is rising.
Review of the Future of the U.S. Aerospace Infrastructure and Aerospace Disciplines to Meet the Needs of the Air Force and Department of Defense.
Review of the U.S. Department of Defense Air, Space and Supporting Information Systems Science and Technology Program says the Air Force's investment in science and technology has declined 46 percent in real terms since 1989.
Evaluating Vehicle Emissions Inspection and Maintenance Programs says state inspection programs need to target the dirtiest vehicles, and not worry about cleaner low-emitting vehicles.
Effectiveness and Impact of Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards says the CAFE standards program should be retooled.
Energy Research at DOE: Was it Worth It? says it was a "wise investment."
The following reports from the General Accounting Office, the auditing arm of the U.S. Congress, can be obtained for free by calling 202-512-6000 or by visiting http://www.gao.gov.
Aviation and the Environment: Transition to Quieter Aircraft Occurred as Planned, But Concerns About Noise Persist (GAO-01-1053).
Electronic Government: Better Information Needed on Agencies' Implementation of the Government Paperwork Elimination Act (GAO-01-1100), 36 pages.
Technology Transfer: DOE Has Fewer Partnerships and They Rely More on Private Funding (GAO-01-568).
Free Trade Area of the Americas: Negotiators Move Toward Agreement That Will Have Benefits, Costs to U.S. Economy (GAO-01-1027), 122 pages.
North American Free Trade Agreement: U.S. Experience With Environment, Labor and Investment Dispute Settlement Cases (GAO-01-933), 67 pages.
Export Controls: State and Commerce Department License Review Times Are Similar (GAO-01-528), 58 pages.
Trade Adjustment Assistance: Experiences of Six Trade-Impacted Communities (GAO-01-838), 77 pages.
Freight Railroad Regulation: Surface Transportation Board's Oversight Could Benefit From Evidence Better Identifying How Mergers Affect Rates (GAO-01-689), 54 pages.
Vehicle Safety: Technologies, Challenges and Research and Development Expenditures for Advanced Air Bags (GAO-01-596), 43 pages.
Hazardous Waste: EPA's National and Regional Ombudsmen Do Not Have Sufficient Independence (GAO-01-813), 35 pages.
Chemical Risk Assessment: Selected Federal Agencies' Procedures, Assumptions and Policies (GAO-01-810), 229 pages.
EPA's Science Advisory Board Panels: Improved Policies and Procedures Needed to Ensure Independence and Balance (GAO-01-536), 47 pages.
Air Pollution: Air Quality and Respiratory Problems in and Near the Great Smoky Mountains (GAO-01-658), 44 pages.
Air Pollution: EPA Should Improve Oversight of Emissions Reporting By Large Facilities (GAO-01-46), 31 pages.
Combating Terrorism: Selected Challenges and Related Recommendations (GAO-01-822), 209 pages.
Information Security: Weaknesses Place Commerce Data and Operations at Serious Risk (GAO-01-751).
Workplace Safety and Health: OSHA Should Strengthen Management of Its Consultation Program (GAO-02-60).
Mass Transit: Bus Rapid Transit Shows Promise (GAO-01-984), 54 pages.
Defense Manufacturing Technology Program: More Joint Projects and Tracking of Results Could Benefit Program (GAO-01-943), 24 pages.
DOD Systems Modernization: Continued Investment in the Standard Procurement System Has Not Been Justified (GAO-01-682) says the SPS was expected to be operational by March 31, 2001, but has been delayed by three-and-a-half years, "and is likely to slip further." Cost of the system through 2000 has been $3.7 billion; the benefit, $1.4 billion. (45 pages).
Defense Inventory: Approach for Deciding Whether to Retain or Dispose of Items Needs Improvement (GAO-01-475), 29 pages.
Army Inventory: Parts Shortages Are Impacting Operations and Maintenance Effectiveness (GAO-01-772), 34 pages.
Tactical Aircraft: Continuing Difficulty Keeping F-22 Production Costs Within the Congressional Limitation (GAO-01-782), 17 pages.
"Smart Prosperity: An Agenda for Enhancing Productivity Growth," by the National Coalition for Advanced Manufacturing, http://www.nacfam.org/smartprosperity.htm
"U.S. Manufacturing Industry's Impact on Ethical, Labor and Environmental Standards in Developing Countries," MAPI, 703-841-9000.
"Productivity and Costs: Manufacturing Industries 1990-99," Bureau of Labor Statistics, ftp://22.214.171.124/pub/news.release/prin2.txt.
"Foreign Direct Investment In The United States," from the Bureau of Economic Analysis, http://www.bea.doc.gov/bea/newsrel/fdi00.htm.
"1998 Energy Consumption by Manufacturers," from the Energy Information Administration," http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/mecs/mecs98/datatables/contents.html.
Global Alliance for Workers and Communities assesses Nike's factory conditions overseas http://www.theglobalalliance.org/content/news.cfm.
"The Manufacturing Extension Partnership: Delivering Measurable Returns to Its Clients," from the National Institute of Standards and Technology, 301-975-2762.
Consuming Industries Trade Action Coalition says the steel industry's desire to limit imports will result in massive layoffs of workers in the steel consuming industries, http://www.citac-trade.org/.
"Study Group on Enhancing Multilateral Export Controls for U.S. National Security, Final Report," http://www.house.gov/chriscox/press/releases/2001/sgmecfinalreport.pdf.
"Financial Management: Emergency Steel Loan Guarantee Program," (GAO-01-714R), http://www.gao.gov/cgi-bin/getrpt?gao-01-714R or call 202-512-6061.
"Initial Quality Study" of automobiles, by JD Power & Associates http://www.jdpa.com/studies/winners.asp?StudyID=517&CatID=1.
"Stuck in Traffic" from the Road Information Program, http://www.tripnet.org/StuckinTrafficReportMay01.PDF.
"Special Investigation Report on Highway Rear-End Collision Prevention Technologies," from the National Transportation Safety Board. http://www.ntsb.gov/Pressrel/2001/010501b.htm.
"Steel Vs. Aluminum Wheels Consumer Research Study," by the American Iron and Steel Institute, says steel wheels should replace aluminum wheels, http://www.autosteel.org/wheels_2001_ppt/sld001.htm.
"The Future of the Automotive Industry," Society of Automotive Engineers, $49.00, 724-776-4970.
"Aerospace Facts and Figures 2000/2001" from the Aerospace Industries Association, $50, 202-371-8407.
"Tactical Aircraft: F-22 Development and Testing Delays Indicate Need for Limit on Low-Rate Production," (GAO-01-310), 202-512-6061.
"Initiative for Electronic Business Framework," United Nations XML E-Business Standards, http://www.ebxml.org.
"The Revenge of the Disintermediated: How the Middleman Is Fighting E-Commerce and Hurting Consumers," from the Progressive Policy Institute, 202-547-0001 or visit http://www.ppionline.org/ppi_ci.cfm?knlgAreaID=107&subsecID=123&contentID=2941.
"The Metropolitan New Economy Index: Benchmarking Economic Transformation" from the Progressive Policy Institute, 49 pages, call 202-547-0001 or visit, http://www.ppionline.org/ppi_ci.cfm?knlgAreaID=107&subsecID=123&contentID=3269.
"Gateway Computer: Using E-Commerce To Move 'Beyond the Box' and To Move More Boxes," a case study from the University of California at Irvine, http://www.crito.uci.edu/whatsnew2/index.html or http://www.crito.uci.edu/git/publications/pdf/Gateway.pdf.
"The Application and Implications of Information Technologies In The Home: Where Are the Data and What Do They Say," (NSF-01-313), 65 pages, National Science Foundation's Division of Science Resource Studies, 703-292-8780.
Foundation for Clean Air Progress finds substantial reductions in emissions, http://www.cleanairprogress.org/top20/press.htm.
"Air Pollution: EPA Should Improve Oversight of Emissions Reporting By Large Facilities" (GAO-01-46), General Accounting Office, http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d0146.pdf or call 202-512-6061.
"Environmental Protection: EPA Should Strengthen Its Efforts to Measure and Encourage Pollution Prevention" (GAO-01-283), 202-512-6061.
"National Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals" from the Centers for Disease Control analyzes the U.S. population's exposure to 27 chemicals http://www.cdc.gov/nceh/dls/report.
"Toxic Release Inventory 1999" from the Environmental Protection Agency, reports a 2.5 percent decline of toxic emissions, www.epa.gov/tri.
"Index of Leading Environmental Indicators 2001" from the Pacific Research Institute, finds dramatic declines in pollution, 415-989-0833.
"The 2000 Ozone Transport Commission NOx Budget Program Compliance Report," http://www.sso.org/otc/.
The Building Envelope Technology Roadmap for the home materials industry, http://www.eren.doe.gov/buildings/technology_roadmaps
"Vision 2030: A Vision for the U.S. Concrete Industry" from the American Concrete Institute at 800-862-2086.
"U.S. Geological Survey Reports On Mineral Industries Mineral Commodity Summaries 2001" USGS, http://minerals.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/mcs/.
"Applications for Advanced Ceramics in Aluminum Production: Needs and Opportunities," from the Aluminum Association and the United States Advanced Ceramics Association, 202-293-6253.
"Materials Research to Meet 21st Century Defense Needs" from the National Materials Advisory Board, www.nap.edu/catalog/10056.html.
"Federal R&D Funding by Budget Function, Fiscal Years 1999-2001," Division of Science Resource Studies, National Science Foundation, (NSF-01-316), 703-292-8774.
"Older Population In The United States," the Census Bureau, http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/2001/cb01-96.html
"What It's Worth? Field of Training and Economic Status, 1996," http://www.census.gov/population/www/socdemo/fld-of-trn.html
"Natural Gas Production Capacity for the Lower 48 States," from the Energy Information Administration, http://www.eia.doe.gov/pub/oil_gas/natural_gas/analysis_publications/nat_gas_productive_capacity_2001/index.htm.
The largest market in the United States for steel is construction, which accounts for 28 percent of consumption, according to the Steel Service Center Institute's Steel Consumption in the United States and Canada -- General Report. The second largest market is automotive, followed by machinery. "The fastest growing market segments are those favorable to delivery through service centers and distribution channels generally," says the report. "The markets showing slow growth tend to be those that favor producers." For a copy of the 43-page analysis, go to www.ssci.org or call 773-867-1300.
If you do any traveling overseas, then you'll want to order a copy of the Central Intelligence Agency's World Factbook. It describes the current political and economic conditions in 250 countries and is available for download at http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/pubs.html. Also at the site is the "Chiefs of State and Cabinet Members of Foreign Governments," and "CIA Maps and Publications 2000," which includes unclassified maps and publications available for purchase.
The 2001 Index of Economic Freedom, a joint production between the Heritage Foundation and the Wall Street Journal, describes the economic conditions in 155 countries. It is a 398-page book whose primary theme is that political freedom builds economic prosperity.
"The more economic freedom a country has, the higher its per capita income is," says the study.
The two organizations rank countries in many different categories including fiscal burden of government, trade, government intervention, foreign investment, banking and finance, property rights, regulation, black market, wages and prices and monetary policy.
There are only 12 totally "free" economies in the world. They are Hong Kong, Singapore, Ireland, New Zealand, Luxembourg, United States, United Kingdom, Netherlands, Australia, Bahrain, Switzerland and El Salvador. The 10 most repressed countries are North Korea, Libya, Iraq, Cuba, Iran, Laos, Uzbekisan, Turkmenistan, Zimbabwe and Belarus. France is ranked in 39th place; Norway is 38th and Spain is 35th. For a copy of the $24.95 index, go to www.heritage.org.
Scientific and Engineering Research Facilities at Colleges and Universities, produced by the National Science Foundation's Division of Science Resource Studies, finds that over one-quarter of the 143 million square feet of academic research space is in need of major renovation or replacement. The vast majority of the academic research space in the United States is in the top 100 research universities, which represent 15 percent of all research-performing institutions, but account for 71 percent of the space. For a copy of the 232-page report (NSF-01-301), call 301-947-2722.
The Air Force Research Laboratory's Materials and Manufacturing Directorate's Manufacturing Technology Division produces a quarterly publication called Manufacturing Technology Highlights. It's worth reading if you're in the aerospace industry. To add your name to the list, call the directorate's Technology Information Center at 937-256-0194 or e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Air Force Manufacturing Technology: 2001 Project Book, describes 101 of the Air Force's active projects, ranging from tool-less edge fabrication to its Lean Sustainment Initiative. It includes contractors and contacts. For a copy, call 937-255-4689.
The Small Business Innovation Research program at the Department of Defense is a great success, according to the National Research Council in SBIR: An Assessment of the Department of Defense Fast Track Initiative. The agency's "Fast Track Initiative" is proving effective in quickly commercializing promising technologies, says the 350-page report. For a copy, call 800-624-6242.
The Department of Defense needs to increase its research budget intended for universities by 30 percent, says the Defense Science Board in a new report. Research funding for universities has dropped by 25 percent since 1991, "yet these university research programs generate the long-term future scientific knowledge that will enable the technologies that will allow the U.S. military forces to maintain their dominance in the future," says the Science Board. More important, however, is the fact that this funding supports the next generation of scientists needed by DOD "to maintain its military leadership."
Producing Prosperity -- Manufacturing Technology's Unmeasured Role in Economic Expansion, a report from the Association for Manufacturing Technology, says the machine tool industry has contributed $200 billion a year for the past five years to the economic prosperity of the United States, for at total contribution of $1 trillion. "These figures represent savings in just two product examples as well as labor productivity improvements in the eight industries that are the most intensive users of machine tools," says AMT. "The measure of economic benefits would be even larger if other products and industries were included in the analysis." For a copy of the report, go to http://www.mfgtech.org, or call 800-544-3597.
The Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) from the National Science Foundation and the U.S. Department of Education finds that eighth graders in the United States are slightly above average in the world in most scientific and mathematical disciplines. But most of their teachers do not have degrees in the subjects they are teaching. For a copy of the138-page "TIMSS-Repeat Pursuing Excellence," set your browser to http://nces.ed.gov/times."
Fuel Cell Directory: Your One-Stop Fuel Cell Information Source lists developers, researchers, consultants, component manufacturers, utilities, associations and government agencies around the world interested in fuel cell development. The $100 directory is available at http://126.96.36.199/donate.html and includes a year-long subscription to Fuel Cell Quarterly newsletter from Fuel Cells 2000, a trade association based in Washington, D.C.
Japan's Auto Companies at the Dawn of a Global Era: Part of the Fabric of America, a report from the Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association, describes how Japan's auto companies are now totally ingrained within the U.S. industrial base. They are building more plants in the United States; buying more American-made parts; employing more Americans; and producing the country's highest quality vehicles. For a copy of the 12-page glossy booklet of charts and graphs, call 202-296-8537.
Smart Prosperity: An Agenda for Enhancing Productivity Growth from the National Coalition for Advanced Manufacturing says the federal government must increase research in engineering and physical sciences that emphasize productivity enhancing technologies; improve the skill base of Americans; and encourage small- and medium-sized manufacturers to deploy advanced technologies by strengthening manufacturing extension services. Sustaining long-term productivity increases "will secure continued federal budget surpluses -- the pathway to improved government services as lower levels of taxation," says NACFAM president Leo Reddy. For a copy of the report, call 800-550-5304.
The White House Office of Science and Technology Policy has put the finishing touches on a new policy aimed at improving the federal government's relationship with research universities. Renewing the Federal Government-University Research Partnership for the 21st Century, a new report from the OSTP's National Science and Technology Council, describes how the federal government will "establish a common set of principles that articulate the framework" for government interaction with universities. It intends "to streamline the administrative requirements for the conduct of research at universities," says OSTP. The full report will be available on OSTP's Web site at www.ostp.gov.
Tools For Growth, a Legislative Agenda for the New Economy, a report from the Progressive Policy Institute, recommends increased support for federal research into productivity as well as the creation of a new, 30 percent tax credit for company investments in training. Senate Democratic Leader Tom Daschle and Gateway Computer chairman Ted Waitt co-chaired the New Economy Task Force that developed the legislative agenda outlined in the report. For a copy, visit www.ppionline.org.
Steel Crisis of 1998: Causes and Effects is the Commerce Department's report on the global steel industry and is available at www.ita.doc.gov. Click on "Press Room," then "Publications."
The Myths of E-Commerce says there are many misconceptions about e-commerce including the idea that it is about technology; that it will replace purchasing; that it is a zero sum game; and that it is only about trade exchanges. For a copy of the 26-page report, go to the IPC Web site at www.ipc.org.
Technology: Transforming Federal Training says the federal government is having a hard time competing for technology workers and must make training a strategic priority for all agencies. For a copy of the report, go to the Federal Task Force on Training Technology at www.technology-taskforce.gov.
Flow of Federal Funds to the States: Fiscal 1999 finds that the Northeast-Midwest region of the United States pays a lot more in federal taxes than it receives in benefits, according to the Northeast Midwest Institute. For a complete breakdown, go to http://www.nemw.org/fedspending.htm.
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