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Manufacturing & Technology News editors are constantly searching for and receiving new reports, analyses and books that readers would find helpful in their jobs. Here is our list of recent manufacturing-related reports that our editors have reviewed.

If you have a report you want to publicize in this list, please send it or an abstract to the editor via e-mail at editor @manufacturingnews.com (no space in the e-mail address) or go to our comments section. You can also send it by mail to Manufacturing & Technology News, P.O. Box 36, Annandale, VA 22003.

Reports, Analyses & Resources -- 2003 

The Impact of Trade Agreements: Effect of the Tokyo Round, U.S.-Israel FTA, U.S.-Canada FTA, NAFTA, and the Uruguay Round on the U.S. Economy is a new report being undertaken by the International Trade Commission. It will investigate the economic impact on the United States of five trade agreements enacted over the last 25 years. ITC seeks written comments submitted for the record. A report will be produced late next summer. For more information, go to http://www.usitc.gov/er/nl2002/ER0913Z1.HTM.

Multifactor Productivity Trends in Manufacturing, 2000 says multifactor productivity grew 1.9 percent in the manufacturing sector between 1999 and 2000. Multifactor productivity is different from labor productivity in that it is designed to measure the joint influences on economic growth of technological change and efficiency improvements. However, all of the growth was in durable manufacturing, at 3.3 percent, compared to zero growth in nondurable manufacturing. "Multifactor productivity in manufacturing increased for the ninth consecutive year, but at the lowest rate since 1996," says the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The full analysis is located at http://www.bls.gov/news.release/prod5.toc.htm.

Productivity and Costs, Second Quarter 2002 finds that productivity continues to improve in the manufacturing sector, up 6 percent in durable goods and 2.3 percent in nondurables. The report is located at

Contributions of and Issues Concerning Small- and Medium-Sized Manufacturers in the Defense Industrial Base from the National Coalition for Advanced Manufacturing finds that small manufacturers are a critical component of the defense and domestic securities industries. In nine leading defense manufacturing sectors, companies with fewer than 500 employees represent 90 percent of firms. The report is located at http://www.modforum.org/nacfamsummary.htm.

Manufacturing Matters: California's Performance and Prospect, a report from the Milken Institute and the California Manufacturers and Technology Association, says California policy makers must assure the continued health of manufacturing in the state or pay the economic consequences. The report is located at http://www.milkeninstitute.org/mmatters/CMTA_FinalRep.pdf.

Best Manufacturing Practices Report of Survey Conducted at Lockheed Martin Naval Electronics & Surveillance Systems -- Surface Systems is available at http://www.bmpcoe.org.

Our Competitive Nature: Minnesota's Technology Economy from Minnesota Technology Inc. finds that Minnesota has a good tech foundation but risks losing it to other regions. For a copy of the 19-page report, go to http://www.minnesotatechnology.org or call 612-373-2900.

ISO 9001 for Small Business (ISBN 92-67-10363-6) from the International Standards Organization is a 186-page guide for small businesses to implement the ISO quality standard. It is available through ISO's Web site at http://www.iso.org.

Legal Immigration, Fiscal Year 2001 finds that 1,064,318 people legally moved to the United States last year. The major categories of immigrants were: immediate relatives of U.S. citizens (443,964), family preferences (232,143), employment preferences (179,195), refugee/asylee adjustments (108,506) and diversity program (42,015). Sixty-five percent of legal immigrants settled in the following six states: California (282,957), New York (114,116), Florida (104,715), Texas (86,315), New Jersey (59,920) and Illinois (48,296). Five countries accounted for 40 percent of immigrants: Mexico (206,426), India (70,290), The People's Republic of China (56,426), Philippines (53,154) and Vietnam (35,531). The report is located at: http://www.ins.usdoj.gov/graphics/aboutins/statistics/Immigs.htm.

Sound Practices to Strengthen the Resilience of the U. S. Financial System from the Securities and Exchange Commission is a plan to improve the U.S. financial system in case of a national disaster. "Based on in-depth discussions with industry representatives, [federal agencies] have reached certain conclusions regarding the necessity to assure the resilience of critical U.S. financial markets in the face of wide-scale, regional disruptions," says the SEC. "Ensuring the resilience of critical financial markets requires that firms that play significant roles in critical financial markets will be able to perform their critical activities even in the event of a wide-scale, regional disruption." The SEC is seeking comments from the public on its recommendations. The plan is located at: http://www.sec.gov/rules/concept/34-46432.htm.

Foreign Direct Investment in U.S. Energy finds that foreign companies claimed 35 percent of all U.S. gasoline sales in 2000, up from 32 percent in 1999, reports the Energy Information Administration. Foreign companies also increased their market share in natural gas by 18 percent in 2000 and account for 13 percent of total U.S. production. To view the analysis, go to: www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/finance/fdi/advance/index.html.

U.S. Net International Investment Position at Yearend 2001 finds the value of foreign investment in the United States exceeded the value of U.S. investment abroad by $1.95 trillion, up from $1.35 trillion at the end of 2000, says the Bureau of Economic Analysis. "The $597.3 billion increase in the negative net investment position from yearend 2000 to yearend 2001 was mainly due to large foreign purchases of U.S. stocks and bonds, exchange rate appreciation of the U.S. dollar (which reduced the value of U.S. holdings denominated in foreign currencies), and stock market price declines abroad (which lowered the value of U.S.-owned assets abroad) that exceeded declines in stock market prices in the United States," says BEA. For the complete report, go to: http://www.bea.doc.gov/bea/newsrel/intinvnewsrelease.htm.

Saving for a Lifetime: Advancing Generational Prosperity from the Department of Labor finds that only 56 percent of households are able to maintain their standard of living in retirement. People know they need to save for retirement "but are often overwhelmed by the prospect. We need to give them the tools they need to get started," says the report, available at http://www.saversummit.dol.gov.

Energy Use in Manufacturing: 1994 to 1998 finds that manufacturers used 14 percent more electricity in 1994 than they did in 1998, reports the Energy Information Administration. Food, paper, chemical, petroleum and primary metals industries continue to use most of the manufacturing energy -- using 83 percent in 1998. The full report is located at http://eia.doe.gov/emeu/mecs/trends/94compare98.htm.

U.S. Crude Oil, Natural Gas and Natural Gas Liquids Reserves 2001 Annual Report from the Energy Information Administration says crude oil reserves increased in 2001. The report is available at http://www.eia.doe.gov/pub/oil_gas/natural_gas/data_publications/advanced_summary_2001/adsum2001.pdf .

The Energy Balance of Corn Ethanol: An Update finds that ethanol is an efficient form of energy, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Office of the Chief Economist. Ethanol production is energy efficient because it yields 34 percent more energy than is used in growing and harvesting the corn and distilling it into ethanol. "Ethanol therefore reduces U.S. dependence on imported oil," says the report, available at http://www.usda.gov/oce.

Status of State Electric Industry Restructuring Activity is a new report from the Energy Information Administration located at http://www.eia.doe.gov/cneaf/electricity /chg_str/regmap.html.

Do Unions Help the Economy? The Economic Effects of Labor Unions Revisited says that unions have cost the American economy $50 trillion over the past six decades, according to the authors, two professors at Ohio University. "Workers in high union-density states such as Michigan lost as much as $6,000 per person in 1999," say Richard Vedder and Lowell Gallaway. Union labor monopolies in manufacturing, transportation, mining and construction "have decimated employment in those industries, increased the supply of employment in less unionized fields, and lowered their wage growth," they say in the study located at http://nlpc.org/olap/lrev/economy.pdf.

The National Compensation Survey from the Bureau of Labor Statistics finds that the most prevalent benefit available to workers in the private sector in 2000 was paid time off. Paid vacations were available to 80 percent of employees and paid holidays to 77 percent of employees in private industry. In 2000, 52 percent of employees in the private sector participated in medical care plans. Forty-eight percent were covered by retirement benefits. Life insurance was available to over half of all employees in private industry. Short- and long-term disability benefits were less common; they were available to 34 and 26 percent of employees, respectively. The report is located at

Just How Wired is the Supplier Sector: The Middle View Up and Down the Supply Chain from the Center for Automotive Research finds that companies had better embrace e-business or no longer be part of bigger companies' supply chains. It is located at http://www.erim.org/car/E-readiness.pdf.

Unleashing the Potential of the High-Speed Internet from the Progressive Policy Institute says that in order to revive the U.S. economy, the government and Congress need to adopt far more aggressive policies to encourage the adoption of broadband telecommunications networks. "Getting broadband connections into U.S. homes will be a major boost to the flagging economy," says the new report, available by calling 202-547-0001.

High Speed Connections to the Internet increased by 33 percent during the second half of 2001 for a total of 12.8 million lines in service, according to the Federal Communications Commission. At the beginning of 2001, 7.1 million customers had high-speed Internet access, says the FCC in a new report, located at http://hraunfoss.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/DOC-224580A1.doc.

Web Credibility Study 2002 from Stanford University's Persuasive Technology Laboratory says a Web site is critical for business success. It lists the key features needed in a site and is located at http://www.webcredibility.org/.

The Economic Impacts of Inadequate Infrastructure for Software Testing from the Research Triangle Institute and NIST finds that software bugs cost the U.S. economy $59.5 billion or 0.6 percent of the country's GDP. A copy of the report is located at http://www.NIST.gov/director/prog-ofc/report02-3.pdf.

Transforming Education and Training Through Advanced Technologies, a new report from the Commerce Department's Technology Administration, is a compilation of 14 visions of the future from people such as Vinton Cerf, "father" of the Internet, Milton Chen, executive director of the George Lucas Educational Foundation and Chris Dede, professor of learning technologies at Harvard. For a copy, go to http://www.ta.doc.gov/Reports.htm.

Wholesale Distributors: Facing the Forces of Change, Outlook 2003 examines the wholesale distribution industry and is a collaborative project between the National Association of Wholesaler Distributors and Pembroke Consulting. For information on obtaining a copy, go to www.nawpubs.org.

The 21st Century Strategic Plan produced by the Patent and Trademark Office outlines how the agency plans on handling the massive increase in patent filings. It is located at: http://www.uspto.gov/web/offices/ com/strat2001/index.htm.

Economic Handbook of the Machine Tool Industry is produced by the Association for Manufacturing Technology and provides data on employment, machine tool use and the financial condition of the industry. The cost is $250 for non members and is available by calling Kendale Smith at 703-827-5256.

E-Handbook of Statistical Methods from NIST and International Sematech provides engineers, scientists, business people, teachers and students with a "rapid understanding and quick solution of statistical problems so that they can get back to their primary work." It is available at http://www.nist.gov/stat.handbook.

Executive Order: Environmental Stewardship and Transportation Infrastructure Project Reviews was signed by President Bush on September 18 as a means to accelerate environmental reviews of transportation projects. The order creates a new interagency "Transportation Infrastructure Streamlining Task Force" that would "monitor and assist agencies in their efforts to expedite a review of transportation infrastructure projects." The executive order is located at http://www.whitehouse.gov/ news/releases/2002/ 09/20020918-14.html.

Latest Findings on National Air Quality: 2001 Status and Trends from the EPA, finds that air pollution is declining in the United States, but that it remains a problem. It is located at http://www.epa.gov /air/aqtrnd01/.

The 15th Anniversary of the Signing of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer says the United States has implemented key parts of the Montreal Protocol "faster and at less cost than originally anticipated," says EPA. "The phaseout of high-priority 'Class I' substances such as CFCs has been accomplished four to six years faster, has included 13 more chemicals and cost significantly less than was predicted at the time the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments were enacted." For more information, go to http://www.epa.gov/epahome/ headline_091602.htm.

The Clear Skies Initiative has been sent to Congress by President Bush. The plan, which intends to cut power plant pollution by 70 percent, was introduced by Sen. Bob Smith (R-N.H.) and Reps. Billy Tauzin (R-La.) and Joe Barton (R-Texas). "We have crafted a new Clean Air Act for the 21st Century -- one that will do more to clean up emissions from power plants than ever before," said Bush. The bill sets emissions caps for sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides and mercury. "In 2020, Clear Skies would deliver $96 billion per year in health and visibility benefits, including preventing 12,000 premature deaths," says EPA. To view the initiative, go to http://www.epa.gov/clearskies.

Smart Growth at the Frontiers: Strategies and Resources for Rural Communities is a new report from the Northeast-Midwest Coalition located at: http://www.nemw.org/RuralSmartGrowth.pdf.

Farm Production Expenditures from the National Agricultural Statistics Service found that farm production expenditures rose by 3.9 percent in 2001, the highest level of farm expenditures on record. The average expenditures per U.S. farm in 2001 were $91,547, up 4.6 percent from the 2000 average. Farms with gross sales of $250,000 or more accounted for $117.7 billion, or 59.8 percent of total farm production expenditures. This was 8.5 percent more than the previous year. The next largest category of farms, those with gross sales between $100,000 and $249,000, accounted for $34.2 billion (17.3 percent of the total), down 3.3 percent from 2000. The report is available at http://usda.mannlib.cornell.edu/reports/nassr/price/zpe-bb/fpex0702.txt.

Outlook for U.S. Agricultural Trade from the Department of Agriculture says exports will "surge" next year and should reach $57.5 billion, a $4 billion increase over the expected $53.5 billion for 2002. "Export sales at this level would be the highest since 1997, $2.3 billion below the 1996 all-time record of $59.9 billion," says the USDA. For a copy of the outlook, go to http://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/so/view.asp?f=trade/aes-bb/.

Agricultural Land Values, a report from the National Agricultural Statistics Service, finds that farm real estate values averaged $1,210 per acre as of January 1, 2002, up 5.2 percent from the previous year. To access the complete report, go to http://usda.mannlib.cornell.edu/reports/nassr/other/plr-bb/.

Bio 2010: Undergraduate Education to Prepare Biomedical Research from the National Academy of Sciences says biology majors need more than biology to succeed. Math and computer skills are as important as understanding basic biological principles. "Laser beams are being used by biologists to manipulate molecules, however, undergraduate biology education has not kept pace with these changes," says the Academy in its report located at http://www4.nationalacademies.org/news.nsf/isbn/0309085357?OpenDocument.

Health, United States, 2002 from the Department of Health and Human Services finds that Americans are healthier than they've ever been. To view a copy of the 430-page report, go to http://www.hhs.gov/news/press/2002pres/20020912.html.

Characteristics of Doctoral Scientists and Engineers in the United States 1999 from the National Science Foundation is a 165-page report that tells you everything you wanted to know about the subject. The report (NSF 02-328) is available by calling 301-947-2722.

Older Doctoral Scientists and Engineers: Selected Labor Force Characteristics, from the NSF (Report No. 02-324, 11 pages) is available by calling 301-947-2722.

InfoBriefs from the Science Resources Statistics division of the National Science Foundation are available at: http://www.nsf.gov/sbe/srs:

  • How Large Is the U.S. S&E Workforce?
  • Proposed FY 2003 Budget would Complete Plan to Double Heath R&D Funding, Considerably Expand Defense R&D
  • Changes in Federal and Non-Federal Support for Academic R&D Over the Past Three Decades
  • Half the Nation's R&D Concentrated in Six States
  • Latin America: High-Tech Manufacturing on the Rise, But Outpaced by East Asia

New General Accounting Office Reports:

  • Restructured Electricity Markets: California Market Design Enabled Exercise of Market Power: http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d02828.pdf.
  • GAO Railroad Regulation: Changes in Freight Railroad Rates From 1997 Through 2000: http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d02524.pdf.
  • DOD Contract Management: Overpayments Continue and Management and Accounting Issues Remain: http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d02635.pdf.
  • Civil Fines & Penalties Debt: Review of U.S. Customs Service's Management and Collection Processes: http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d02655.pdf.
  • Export Promotion: Export-Import Bank and Treasury Differ In Approaches to Using Tied Aid: http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d02741.pdf.
  • DOD Management: Examples of Inefficient and Ineffective Business Processes: http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d02873t.pdf.
  • The White House: Allegations of Damage During the 2001 Presidential Transition: http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d02360.pdf.

2002 Reports

2001 Reports

2000 Reports

1999 Reports

Send them to Editor, Manufacturing & Technology News, P.O. Box 36, Annandale, VA 22003; or fax us a synopsis at 703-750-0064; via e-mail, editor @manufacturingnews.com; or drop us a line in the Comments section of our Web site.

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